A complete dilated eye exam is a critical part of a thorough eye exam. The retina should be examined by our specialist to identify signs of macular degeneration, diabetes, high blood pressure, or even stroke. Common retinal conditions include diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, retinal vein occlusions, retinal artery occlusions and posterior vitreous detachments (PVD).


What is macular degeneration?

Age related macular degeneration is a condition caused by the slow break down of cellular material within the macula, the center of the retina. It comes in a “dry” and “wet” form, with the dry form being more common. Over time, the disease can significantly deteriorate one’s vision at all distances. Early detection can help slow down the disease progression and educate patients on proper monitoring. 

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What is diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is the medical term used to described the damage done to the retina from increased blood sugar levels over time, also known as diabetes. The blood vessels of the retina are very fragile and are some of the first to be damaged by elevated blood sugar levels. Over time, damage from diabetes can cause the retina to swell with fluid or even detach. Proper treatment is improved with early detection and screening.

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